Preventing Diabetes

Diabetes Awareness Foundation of MD 35

Updated September 25, 2014

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Diabetes Awareness



Awareness and Prevention

Below is an article published recently in the Tribune Newspapers by Melissa Healy

Diabetes rate slows, but growth persists in some groups

After growing steadily for nearly two decades, the rate of Type 2 diabetes among American adults appears to have stalled, according to a comprehensive new study from researchers at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

The CDC team said the plateau may be a downstream effect of another positive trend: a stabilization of obesity rates in the U.S. first seen in 2003 and 2004.

However, diabetes continues to spread among African-Americans and Latinos, researchers reporting Wednesday’s edition of the Journal of the American Medical Association.  And among younger Americans ages 20 to 44 and those with a high school education or less, the likelihood of a diabetes diagnosis is still rising as well.

"It's good news in a way, but it"s not good news for everybody," said Shakira Suglia, an epidemiologist at Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health who wasn't involved in the JAMA study. While many Americans have gotten the message that better food choices and more exercise can keep diabetes at bay, she added, "we're just not reaching certain populations."

Fueled by the runaway spread of obesity in the 1970's and '80s, the rate of Type 2 diabetes among American adults ages 20 to 79 more than doubled from 3.5 percent in 1990 to 7.9 percent in 2008, the study found. In 2012, that figure was essentially unchanged at 8.3 percent.

The statistics are based on the responses of 664,969 American adults who answered annual health surveys.The questionnaire does not distinguish between Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes.

But Type 1 diabetes - in which patients are unable to make insulin to convert food into fuel represents only 5 percent of new diagnoses in adults.

By contrast, rates of Type 2 diabetes in which patients lose their ability to use insulin efficiently have certainly grown.

The study authors acknowledged that their results probably understate the true prevalence of diabetes in the U.S., since an estimated 28 percent of diabetes sufferers never receive a formal diagnosis.

















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